Pinaud is an expert on South Sudan and Africa. Her research concerns the history of the relationship between women, civilians at large, and the armed groups in South Sudan's second and third civil wars. It explores wartime processes of social class formation. Trained as a political scientist and a historian, her approach is inter-disciplinary and her findings are based on two years and a half of field research in South Sudan, where she worked for international aid agencies. Her dissertation was on the history of women's relationship with the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) during the second civil war in South Sudan (1983-2005). Her published articles explored various aspects of her research including the making of a national history, the SPLA's military history and predatory behaviors, and marital practices. Pinaud's book project focuses on a socio-economic history of South Sudan's second and third civil wars (2013-) inclusive of women's history. It explores women's contributions to the war effort and their instrumentalization in a process of social class formation. It reflects on the long-term impacts of violence to understand the South Sudanese society and the fabric of military allegiance. This project illustrates a broader interest in the relationship between violence, predation, military allegiance and processes of social class and state formation, in wars across different times and spaces.